The Rwandan Genocide

  The Rwandan genocide was an atrocity which had tremendous global repercussions. It came at a time when, after two world wars and the Cold War, the international community had vastly different values and norms than was presented by Rwanda in 1994. What this essay will attempt to cover is the background of the conflict, … More The Rwandan Genocide

Africa and France – a tale of colonization

One can assume that ‘independence’ means complete self-determination of a state and practises non-reliance. With many former African colonies, the relationship between coloniser and colony post-independence is far more nuanced. This paper will focus on the states in Africa which were once French territories, and examine the relationship dynamics that emerged from separation, and how … More Africa and France – a tale of colonization

New Zealand and climate change – what we can do

The issue of climate change is a global one, but of particular urgency to New Zealand. Rising sea levels, weather anomalies and resource scarcity has left the Pacific particularly vulnerable. Climate change must be securitized so that a policy framework can be established to reflect the dangers it presents. If viewed through this lens, the … More New Zealand and climate change – what we can do

“Where to go from Paris? The European Union in climate geopolitics” Sebastian Oberthür – A review

Oberthur’s main argument consists of establishing normative features extracted from the European Union’s (EU) climate policy and imposing them internationally; that it has been a consistent and powerful force in shaping “higher politics” and will continue to be. Oberthaur cites a steady decline in Green House Gas (GHG) emissions from the EU since 1992 and … More “Where to go from Paris? The European Union in climate geopolitics” Sebastian Oberthür – A review

Is the market or government the solution to climate change and environmental destruction?

Introduction In a world where free-trade is ubiquitous and normative, it is logical that the current regime would be considered the solution to climate change. The debate then turns to one of how we do that; whether market liberalism will lead to climate solutions, or that the state, as institutionalism argues, needs to take a … More Is the market or government the solution to climate change and environmental destruction?

Prisons are not a solution to reducing crime

Originally published in the Hawke’s Bay Today Einstein’s definition of insanity is when you repeat the same thing over and over again, and expect a different result. It seems strange that we continue to believe prisons are an effective method of reducing crime, when studies show it clearly isn’t. Newly-minted Prime Minister Bill English recently … More Prisons are not a solution to reducing crime